⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Former African Kingdom Located In Benin

Tuesday, September 14, 2021 11:07:35 PM

Former African Kingdom Located In Benin



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What Happened in Benin Empire - The History of Benin Empire - Basic Nigerian History -

Since it's early tribal beginnings, Wakanda has been extremely isolationist. They did not invade or provoke any other nations, but if another entered their territory they would retaliate with deadly force. This is still a matter of contention for the Wakandan people. Wakanda is now a member of the United Nations. Education is highly valued in the Wakandan culture and was viewed as a fundamental building block to ancient Wakandans. The nation has one of the highest literacy rates on the planet. They have an eleven year free, compulsory cycle of primary and secondary education. At the end of this, the citizens of Wakanda have the choice in the future of their career path. Many go on to attend one of their free Universities. The citizens also have other options such as farming and mining and other such laboring professions.

Due to their isolationist nature, education outside the country was forbidden, meaning the crown prince T'Challa was the first ever to do so. The Dora Milaje are trained and educated at their facility known as Upanga. They also created the Wakandan School for Alternative Studies , a special school for the meta-humans of Wakanda. Wakanda has a universal public health system paid largely from taxation. Wakanda's entire population has equal access to health care services. From birth a citizen is provided with Kimoyo Beads , this device regularly monitors the individual and provides a lifetime worth of medical knowledge.

Wakanda has a cure for cancer but being isolationist they are reluctant to share it with the outside world. One of the members of the Wakandan counsel stated "If they care about their people's health they wouldn't sell cigarettes". Wakanda's technology developed entirely independently of that of the rest of the world due to them remaining in isolation. The creation of methodologies of design are so different it's very difficult to use with outside technology. However, they have taken time to learn the technology of the rest of the world, allowing them to hack any external computer system.

The Wakandans do not use fossil fuels, even though their land is rich in resources. Instead they utilize a variety of eco-friendly alternative sources such as solar, hydrogen and geothermal. Wakandan scientists split the atom almost a century before the rest of the world. Since the midth century Wakanda employed sophisticated surveillance satellites, launched at a time when the Americans and Soviets were in the early stages of the space program. The Wakandans have ties to the African gods, who were widely worshiped in Egypt but also had ties to other regions of Africa. After the vibranium meteor fell, a number of Wakandans were painfully mutated into " demon spirits " and began attacking their fellow Wakandans.

T'Challa's ancestor, Bashenga, became the first Black Panther and closed the vibranium mound to outsiders, forming a religious cult that guarded the mound and fought to keep the "demon spirits" from spreading across the kingdom. The Black Panther is a ceremonial and religious title given to the chief of the Panther Cult. In addition to ruling the country, he is also chief of its various tribes. The Panther uniform is a symbol of office as well as a religious vestment. Ministry of Health officials, including former director-general Anban Pillay and Precious Matsoso, were named in the report which showed that service fees for Covid communications were highly inflated.

Pillay and Matsoso were members of the Technical Evaluation Committee at the ministry. The report found Digital Vibes and its owners guilty of fraud for allegedly paying gratifications and failing to declare and pay company tax and Value Added Tax to the South African Revenue Service. Ministry of Health director-general Sandile Buthelezi was recently placed on precautionary suspension regarding the matter. Ramaphosa placed Mkhize on leave in June, and the report recommended prosecutions of a host of other officials for their role in the scandal. At least 13 dead and dozens trapped after landslide hits highway in north Taliban capture the strategic city of Ghazni, leaving Afghan capital Kabu Helena St.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The mehu was similarly a key administrative officer who managed the palaces and the affairs of the royal family, economic matters, and the areas to the south of Allada making the position key to contact with Europeans. The relations between Dahomey and other countries were complex and heavily impacted by the transatlantic slave trade.

The Oyo empire engaged in frequent conflicts with the Kingdom of Dahomey and Dahomey became a tributary of the Oyo from until The city-state of Porto-Novo , under the protection of Oyo, and Dahomey had a long-standing rivalry largely over control of the slave trade along the coast. The rise of Abeokuta in the s created another power rivaling Dahomey, largely by creating a safe haven for people from the slave trade. Merchants from Dahomey quickly established trading links with European slave traders beginning the 17th century.

By the 19th century, this trade had been sharply curtailed as a result of rising abolitionist sentiments in Western Europe and the Americas , which led to the U. Attempts by Dahomey to continue the slave trade led to the Royal Navy imposing a blockade on their coastline from until The last known slave ship that sailed to the United States which put in at Mobile, Alabama brought a group of enslaved Africans from the Dahomey Kingdom, purchased long after the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade in the U. On July 9, , a schooner called Clotilda , captained by William Foster, arrived in the bay of Mobile, Alabama carrying the last known shipment of slaves to the US from the Dahomey Kingdom.

In , a man known as Timothy Meaher made a wager with acquaintances that despite the law banning the slave trade, he could safely bring a load of slaves from Africa. Describing how he came in possession of the slaves, Captain William Foster wrote in his journal in , "from thence I went to see the King of Dahomey. Having agreeably transacted affairs with the Prince we went to the warehouse where they had in confinement four thousand captives in a state of nudity from which they gave me liberty to select one hundred and twenty-five as mine offering to brand them for me, from which I preemptorily [ sic ] forbid; commenced taking on cargo of negroes [ sic ], successfully securing on board one hundred and ten.

Zora Neal Hurston wrote about her interviews with Oluale Kossola, the last survivor of the Clotilda, in her book Barracoon. The Kingdom of Dahomey also sent a diplomatic mission to Brazil , in , while the country was still under Portuguese rule, in order to strengthen diplomatic relations, after an incident which led to the expulsion of Portuguese-Brazilian diplomatic authorities, in The interest of maintaining these relations was economic, due to slave trade. It is also important to note that Dahomey was the second country - the first being Portugal - to recognize the independence of Brazil in The military of the Kingdom of Dahomey was divided into two units: the right and the left.

The right was controlled by the migan and the left was controlled by the mehu. At least by the time of Agaja , the kingdom had developed a standing army that remained encamped wherever the king was. Soldiers in the army were recruited as young as seven or eight years old, initially serving as shield carriers for regular soldiers. After years of apprenticeship and military experience, they were allowed to join the army as regular soldiers.

To further incentivize the soldiers, each soldier received bonuses paid in cowry shells for each enemy they killed or captured in battle. This combination of lifelong military experience and monetary incentives resulted in a cohesive, well-disciplined military. In addition to being well-trained, the Dahomey army under Agaja was also very well armed. The Dahomey army favored imported European weapons as opposed to traditional weapons.

For example, they used European flintlock muskets in long-range combat and imported steel swords and cutlasses in close combat. The Dahomey army also possessed twenty-five cannons. By the late 19th century, Dahomey had a large arsenal of weapons. Along with firearms, Dahomey emplyed mortars. When going into battle, the king would take a secondary position to the field commander with the reason given that if any spirit were to punish the commander for decisions it should not be the king.

They fired on command, employed countermarch , and formed extended lines from deep columns. Tactics such as covering fire , frontal attacks and flanking movements were used in the warfare of Dahomey. The Dahomey Amazons, a unit of all-female soldiers, is one of the most unusual aspects of the military of the kingdom. The Dahomean state became widely known for its corps of female soldiers. Their origins are debated; they may have formed from a palace guard or from gbetos female hunting teams. They were organized around to fill out the army and make it look larger in battle, armed only with banners. The women reportedly behaved so courageously they became a permanent corps. In the beginning, the soldiers were criminals pressed into service rather than being executed.

Eventually, however, the corps became respected enough that King Ghezo ordered every family to send him their daughters, with the fittest being chosen as soldiers. The economic structure of the kingdom was highly intertwined with the political and religious systems and these developed together significantly. The domestic economy largely focused on agriculture and crafts for local consumption. Until the development of palm oil, very little agricultural or craft goods were traded outside of the kingdom. Markets served a key role in the kingdom and were organized around a rotating cycle of four days with a different market each day the market type for the day was religiously sanctioned.

However, with the expansion of the kingdom, agricultural plantations began to be a common agricultural method in the kingdom. Craftwork was largely dominated by a formal guild system. Herskovits recounts a complex tax system in the kingdom, in which officials who represented the king, the tokpe , gathered data from each village regarding their harvest. Then the king set a tax based upon the level of production and village population. In addition, the king's own land and production were taxed.

Officials also sometimes imposed fines for public nuisance before allowing people to pass. The Kingdom of Dahomey shared many religious rituals with surrounding populations; however, it also developed unique ceremonies, beliefs, and religious stories for the kingdom. These included royal ancestor worship and the specific vodun practices of the kingdom. Early kings established clear worship of royal ancestors and centralized their ceremonies in the Annual Customs of Dahomey. The spirits of the kings had an exalted position in the land of the dead and it was necessary to get their permission for many activities on earth. The Annual Customs of Dahomey xwetanu or huetanu in Fon involved multiple elaborate components and some aspects may have been added in the 19th century.

In general, the celebration involved distribution of gifts, human sacrifice , military parades, and political councils. Its main religious aspect was to offer thanks and gain the approval for ancestors of the royal lineage. Human sacrifice was an important part of the practice. During the Annual Custom, prisoners would be sacrificed. In addition, when a ruler died, hundreds, to thousands of prisoners would be sacrificed. As many as 4, were reported killed In one of these ceremonies in Dahomey had a unique form of West African Vodun that linked together preexisting animist traditions with vodun practices.

Oral history recounted that Hwanjile , a wife of Agaja and mother of Tegbessou , brought Vodun to the kingdom and ensured its spread. The primary deity is the combined Mawu-Lisa Mawu having female characteristics and Lisa having male characteristics and it is claimed that this god took over the world that was created by their mother Nana-Buluku. Religious practice organized different priesthoods and shrines for each different god and each different pantheon sky, earth or thunder. Women made up a significant amount of the priest class and the chief priest was always a descendant of Dakodonou. The arts in Dahomey were unique and distinct from the artistic traditions elsewhere in Africa. The arts were substantially supported by the king and his family, had non-religious traditions, assembled multiple different materials, and borrowed widely from other peoples in the region.

The king was key in supporting the arts and many of them provided significant sums for artists resulting in the unique development, for the region, of a non-religious artistic tradition in the kingdom. Suzanne Blier identifies two unique aspects of art in Dahomey: 1. Assemblage of different components and 2. Borrowing from other states. Assemblage of art, involving the combination of multiple components often of different materials combined in a single piece of art, was common in all forms and was the result of the various kings promoting finished products rather than particular styles. Clothing, cloth work, architecture, and the other forms of art all resemble other artistic representation from around the region.

Much of the artwork revolved around the royalty.

Sheryl L. Oral history Pablo Picasso Vs Post Modern Art that Hwanjilea wife of Agaja and mother of Tegbessoubrought Vodun to the kingdom former african kingdom located in benin ensured former african kingdom located in benin spread. Princess Regent Intelligence Division Executives as it's protection agency.

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